Harriet Tubman was born Araminta Ross in 1822 in Dorchester County, Maryland, into a family of enslaved African Americans. She grew up working on a plantation and endured brutal treatment, including being whipped and beaten. When she was around 27 years old, Tubman escaped from slavery with the help of the Underground Railroad, a network of anti-slavery activists and safe houses that helped slaves escape to freedom.
After her escape, Tubman became a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad, leading around 13 missions to rescue over 70 enslaved people. She made dangerous journeys back to Maryland to rescue family members and friends, as well as strangers who were seeking freedom. Tubman became known as “Moses” to those she helped, because of her leadership and the way she led people to safety.
During the Civil War, Tubman worked as a nurse, cook, and spy for the Union Army. She also led a raid on plantations in South Carolina, freeing over 700 slaves. She was the first woman to lead an armed expedition during the war.
After the war, Tubman settled in Auburn, New York, where she continued to advocate for women’s suffrage and civil rights. She also established the Harriet Tubman Home for the Aged, a home for elderly African Americans who were poor and/or disabled. Tubman lived there herself until her death in 1913.
Quotes from Harriet Tubman
“I never ran my train off the track, and I never lost a passenger.” – Harriet Tubman’s response when asked about her success as a conductor on the Underground Railroad.
“Every great dream begins with a dreamer. Always remember, you have within you the strength, the patience, and the passion to reach for the stars to change the world.” – Harriet Tubman’s inspiring words about pursuing one’s dreams and making a difference in the world.
“I freed a thousand slaves. I could have freed a thousand more if only they knew they were slaves.” – Harriet Tubman’s poignant comment about the power of knowledge and awareness in the fight against slavery.
“I never ran away from slavery – I simply walked away.” – Harriet Tubman’s statement about her determination and courage in seeking freedom.
“I prayed to God to make me strong and able to fight, and that’s what I’ve always prayed for ever since.” – Harriet Tubman’s expression of her faith and her belief in the power of prayer to give her strength and courage”.
Harriet Tubman’s legacy is a powerful one, and it has had a lasting impact on American history and culture. Here are some of the key aspects of her legacy:
Abolitionism: Harriet Tubman was a prominent figure in the abolitionist movement, which fought to end slavery in the United States. She risked her own safety and freedom to help other enslaved people escape to freedom, and her actions helped to raise awareness about the injustices of slavery.
Underground Railroad: Harriet Tubman was a key conductor on the Underground Railroad, a network of abolitionists who helped enslaved people escape to freedom in the North. Her bravery and leadership on the Underground Railroad helped many people to find freedom and inspired others to get involved in the abolitionist movement.
Civil War: During the Civil War, Harriet Tubman worked as a nurse, cook, and spy for the Union Army. She also led a raid on plantations in South Carolina, freeing over 700 slaves. Her contributions to the war effort helped to secure the Union’s victory and paved the way for the end of slavery in the United States.
Women’s Rights: Harriet Tubman was also an advocate for women’s suffrage and civil rights. She believed in the importance of equal rights and fought for them throughout her life. Her legacy has helped to inspire and empower generations of women and civil rights activists.
Symbol of courage and determination: Harriet Tubman’s life story is a powerful example of courage, determination, and resilience in the face of adversity. Her legacy continues to inspire people today to stand up for what is right, fight for justice, and never give up in the face of challenges.
Harriet Tubman’s life and legacy continue to inspire people today. She is widely recognised as an American hero and a symbol of courage, strength, and determination in the face of adversity. In 2020, the US Treasury Department announced that Harriet Tubman will be the new face of the $20 bill, replacing Andrew Jackson.