The Vision of Mzee Jomo Kenyatta: Economic Development, Unity, and Pan-Africanism

Jomo Kenyatta was a Kenyan anti-colonial activist and politician who served as the first President of Kenya from 1964 until his death in 1978. He played a key role in Kenya's struggle for independence from British colonial rule.

Mzee Jomo Kenyatta Documentary Made in 2012

Mzee Jomo Kenyatta was a visionary leader who played a significant role in shaping Kenya’s history and identity. He was a Kenyan anti-colonial activist, politician, and the first President of Kenya. His leadership and contribution to Kenya’s independence movement from British colonial rule in 1963 made him a national hero and founding father of the Kenyan nation.


Kenyatta was born in Kiambu County, Kenya, in 1894, and grew up in a traditional Kikuyu community. He attended mission schools before proceeding to study at various colleges in Uganda, the United Kingdom, and Russia. His education broadened his understanding of the world, exposed him to different cultures, and shaped his political beliefs.

Kenyatta’s passion for anti-colonial politics was ignited in the 1920s and 1930s when he became involved in various political organisations advocating for Kenya’s independence. He was a key figure in the Mau Mau uprising of the 1950s, which aimed to end British colonial rule in Kenya. His political activities led to his arrest by the British authorities in 1952, and he spent several years in detention before being released in 1961.

Following Kenya’s independence in 1963, Kenyatta became the country’s first Prime Minister and later served as its first President from 1964 until his death in 1978. As President, he pursued policies of economic development and social reform and played a leading role in the Pan-African movement.

Kenyatta’s government implemented land reforms aimed at redistributing land from large landowners to small farmers, with the goal of promoting greater economic equality. He oversaw the drafting of Kenya’s first constitution after independence, which laid the foundation for the country’s political system.

Like many political leaders, Mzee Jomo Kenyatta’s legacy is not without criticism.

Kenyatta’s government was accused of being authoritarian and suppressing political dissent. He banned opposition parties and arrested political opponents, leading to a lack of political pluralism and freedom of speech.

Kenyatta’s government was accused of promoting ethnic favouritism and failing to address inter-ethnic tensions. Some critics argue that Kenyatta favoured members of his own Kikuyu community and that his government’s policies reinforced existing ethnic inequalities.

Kenyatta’s government was accused of being corrupt, with some officials accused of embezzling public funds and engaging in nepotism.

While Kenyatta’s government implemented land reforms aimed at promoting greater economic equality, some critics argue that these policies were not successful in addressing land ownership disparities, and that large landowners continued to benefit from government policies.

It is important to note that the criticisms of Kenyatta’s leadership are not universally held, and there are those who view him as a visionary leader who played a critical role in shaping Kenya’s history and identity. Nevertheless, these criticisms illustrate some of the challenges faced by Kenya under his leadership.

Inspiration quotes from Mzee Jomo Kenyatta

“When the Missionaries arrived, the Africans had the land and the Missionaries had the Bible. They taught us how to pray with our eyes closed. When we opened them, they had the land and we had the Bible.”

“Our children may learn about heroes of the past. Our task is to make ourselves architects of the future.”

“The freedom and happiness of any society must be measured by the standards of the poorest and weakest among us.”

“We must build a society where the state provides security and social welfare to all its citizens, regardless of their station in life.”

“The destiny of Africa is to create a new identity and a new dignity for man in Africa.”

“African unity is, above all, a political kingdom which can only be gained by political means. The social and economic development of Africa will come only within the political kingdom, not the other way around.”

“The only way to eradicate poverty is through education and the empowerment of women.”

“We do not want a Kenya where one community is suppressed by another, where one people dominates another, where one tribe exploits another. No! That is not the Kenya we want.”

Mzee Jomo Kenyatta’s leadership and contribution to Kenya’s independence and subsequent policies aimed at promoting economic development, education, national unity, and land reform played a significant role in shaping Kenya’s history and identity. Kenyatta’s legacy continues to shape Kenya’s politics and society to this day.