John Kent – the First Black Police Officer – 1837

well Roberts is known in the history books as the first black police officer in the UK after joining the Metropolitan Police in 1966. Roberts had a 30-year career with the Met, rising to the rank of detective sergeant.

However PC John Kent beat his record, as the son of a Caribbean slave who joined the police force in 1837.

John Kent’s father, Thomas Kent, was brought to work on the estate of a Cumberland landowner returning from duty with the colonial civil service in the West Indies. His son was PC John Kent, who worked in Carlisle from 1837.

The surname Thomas adopted was in recognition of the county where he landed late in the 18th century. John was born near Carlisle around 1795.

A black figure was a rare sight in that corner of north-west England at the time and even before he joined the police Mr Kent would attract crowds as he worked laying pavements for the city corporation.

Constabularies were formally established in 1835 by the Home Secretary of the day, Robert Peel, although Carlisle had already had a unit of around 20 officers paid through public subscription for 10 years.

Bob Lowther, a former detective superintendent who has researched the history of the old Carlisle City Constabulary, traced Mr Kent through police records. He first appears as a, “supernumerary constable” or probationer, joining on 17 August 1837. He was made a permanent constable on 26 October.

In 1841, he was in the thick of the action when a constable was murdered by a blow to the head as an election crowd got out of hand in the city centre and overwhelmed the Chief Constable and about eight of his officers. It is recorded that PC Kent gave evidence against the accused at Carlisle Assizes.

Known across the city as “Black Kent”, he was clearly a valuable member of the force. His obituaries tell how he was so well known that a generation of Carlisle children were brought up to fear him.

The National Black Police Association (NBPA) attaches huge significance to the discovery of his career, which it says is totally unexpected.

“The significance is that while we had people of colour joining that far back, it took until 2003 before we had the first black chief constable [Kent’s Mike Fuller],” said David McFarlane, NBPA’s national co-ordinator. PC Kent’s career did not end on the same high note as Detective Sergeant Roberts, who received the Queen’s Police Medal for his 30 years of service.

He was sacked after just seven years with the Carlisle constabulary for being drunk on duty – a common occurrence among officers at the time. A lack of clean drinking water in the city is often blamed for excessive beer consumption. The young officer was duly disciplined and his services were dispensed with on 12 December 1844.


An excellent contribution from Bob Lowther. Thank you very much. This research surely would enhance the knowledge and understanding about the hidden heritage of Cumbria.

Amazing Story. We are uncovering a lot more of Britain’s Black past every year. Thanks for Bringing this out into the open.

I seem to remember hearing that John Kent had about 8 children. So probably half the population of Carlisle are decended from him.
Some of our family came from Carlisle.

Hi Philip…9 children some of whom died in infancy. John was number 8. Seems you and your cousins could be direct descendants of Thomas.

I agree. Amazing story which I have just discovered tonight!
I would dearly love to get in contact with Bob Lowther if that is possible, or anyone else with knowledge of this incredible history.
I am descended from Thomas Kent. His son Joseph (brother of policeman John) married a Bridget Kerr. They had a daughter Eleanor Kent who married a Henry Heskett. They had a son called James Heskett who married Eliza Armstrong. Their only child Annie Heskett was my great grandmother.
Our family DNA is showing the Africa origin to be Ivory Coast / Ghana / Mali.

I have 2% Ivory Coast – as does my Dad. I also have 1% Mali – but I think this part is linked to Ireland (Ard’s Peninsula). We live in Aotearoa – so the Kent dna has gone far and wide! Michelle Hogan nee Martin

Vanessa (Martin), I have done a book on John Kent. He was a Constable at Maryport in 1835, before Carlisle; also at Longtown after Carlisle.

My wife managed to trace family that descended from Thomas Kent and has followed forward your family history as far as she could. I would happily like to contact anyone who is a descendant, or can add to the Kent history.

Hi Raymond. Thank you for the link. I have ordered your book. I have been in contact with Glennys Wiggin who also commented on this article above. Her husband was a direct descendant of John Kent. She said that it is not certain whether Thomas came from the West Indies or directly from Africa. I am wondering whether there may be plantation records from Barbados that may help.

Hi Raymond. I have purchased and received the book from the bookshop in Carlisle. I don’t have any other information to add. This is all news to me and my family. It would be good to find records of Thomas Kent, if at all possible.
Regards, Vanessa

Hi I love this story.
I am interested in who John married and if she was white what societies views were at that time. Thank you

Lawrence Hansen he was first on the beat in maryport not carlisle,to which there is a plaque to honour his time there,come and see it

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