During slavery and colonialism there were consistent measures to discredit, demonise and outlaw African traditional religious practices on the continent and in the diaspora. Labelled primitive, fetish and mumbo jumbo among other derogatory names by colonial authorities, these indigenous practices continue to be negatively represented throughout the world. This presentation celebrates these traditional practices and will highlight, despite attempts to demonise them, how Africans on the of Britain and the struggle against apartheid in South Africa. The two were inextricably linked against an implacable foe which sought to exploit the divisions that inevitably arise in all movements but which ultimately was defeated with the political liberation of South Africa. Elizabeth Williams is a visiting lecturer in modern history at several universities and works as a subject librarian at Goldsmiths University of London.