The African Princess: Sarah Forbes Bonetta

Sarah Forbes Bonetta Davies, a West African Yoruba girl, was captured by the King of Dahomey in 1848 during a "slave-hunt" war in which her parents were killed.

At the age of five, Sarah Forbes Bonetta Davies, born into a Royal, West African dynasty, was taken to England and presented to Queen Victoria as a “gift” from one royal family to another. A unique and admired figure in history, she spent her life between the British royal household and her homeland in Africa.

Sarah Forbes Bonetta Davies, a West African Yoruba girl, was captured by the King of Dahomey in 1848 during a “slave-hunt” war in which her parents were killed. In 1850, when she was around eight years old, she was rescued by Captain Frederick E Forbes of the Royal Navy whilst he was visiting Dahomey as an emissary of the British Government. Forbes convinced King Ghezo of Dahomey to give Sarah to Queen Victoria saying: “She would be a present from the King of the Blacks to the Queen of the Whites.” The young girl was subsequently given the name Forbes as well as that of his ship, the ‘Bonetta’.

She returned to England with Forbes who presented her to Queen Victoria, who in turn gave her over to the Church Missionary Society to be educated. Sarah suffered from fragile health and in 1851 she returned to Africa to attend the Female Institution in Freetown, Sierra Leone. When she was 12 years old, Queen Victoria commanded that Sarah return to England, where she was placed under the charge of Mr and Mrs Schon at Chatham.

Queen Victoria was so impressed by the girl’s natural regal manner and her gift for academic studies, Literature, Art and Music that she gave her an allowance for her welfare and Sarah became a regular visitor to Windsor Castle. Sarah’s genius became admired throughout the royal court and she continued to outshine her tutors with her advanced abilities in all studies.

At the age of 18, Sarah received a proposal from James Pinson Labulo Davies, a 31 year old Yoruba businessman of considerable wealth who was living in Britain. She initially refused his proposal and it is reported that in order to persuade her to accept Sarah was sent to live with two elderly ladies in Brighton whose house she described as a “desolate little pig sty”.

Queen Victoria sanctioned Sarah to be married in St Nicholas Church in Brighton in August 1862. The wedding party, which arrived from West Hill Lodge, Brighton in ten carriages and pairs of grays, was made up of “White ladies with African gentlemen, and African ladies with White gentlemen” There were sixteen bridesmaids. The newlyweds moved back to West Africa and Sarah was baptised at a church in the town of Badagry, a former slave port. They settled in Lagos where her husband became a member of the Legislative Council from 1872-74 (in which year Lagos Colony was for a time amalgamated into the Gold Coast).

Shortly after her marriage, Sarah gave birth to a daughter and was granted permission by the Queen to name the child Victoria – the Queen also became her Godmother.

Sarah visited the Queen in 1867 with her daughter then returned to Lagos and had two more children. Later, upon Sarah’s death the Queen wrote in her diary: “Saw poor Victoria Davies, my black godchild, who learnt this morning of the death of her dear mother”. So proud was Queen Victoria of Sarah’s daughter, that when she passed her music examination, teachers and children had one day holiday. Throughout her life Sarah had a long lasting cough that was caused by the climate change between Africa and Britain. In 1880, suffering from tuberculosis, she went to convalesce in Madeira off of the coast of West Africa. She died, around the age of 40, in 1880 and was buried in Funchal, Madiera.

Her daughter Victoria was given an annuity by the Queen and she continued to visit the royal household throughout her life. In his journal Captain Forbes gave an account of his mission with relation to Miss Bonetta.

“I have only to add a few particulars about my extraordinary present The African child”. In a former portion of this journal I have mentioned the Okeadon war; one of the captives of this dreadful slave-hunt was this interesting girl.

It is usual to reserve the best born for the high behest of royalty and the immolation on the tombs of the diseased nobility. For one of these ends she had been detained at court for two years: proving, by her not having been sold to slave dealer, that she was of a good family.

So extraordinary a present would have been at least burden, had I not the conviction that, in consideration of the nature of the service I had performed, the government would consider her as the property of the crown.

To refuse, would have been to have signed her death warrant which, probably, would have been carried into execution forthwith. Immediately on arriving…

Of her own history she was only a confused idea. Her parents were decapitated; her brother and sisters she knows not what their fate might have been .

For her age supposed to be eight years. She is a perfect genius; she now speaks English well, and has a great talent for music. She has won the affections, with but few exceptions, of all who have known her, she is far in advance of any white child of her age, in aptness of learning, and strength of mind and affection.”

Comments

This is the most incredible biography I have ever read.Beautiful….I’m more proud to be of royal African ancestory


I am amazed. Very little is known about African or black history.Yet everybody knows about European history.


Awesome biography. These stories need to be read and heard more often. Not just when black history comes around. This information is vital for the survival of our culture.


I am still in shock at not only learning about ‘Sarah’ but from seeing a picture of her in last night’s BBC2 programme: Black and British: A Forgotten History (David Olusoga). I can see a striking resemblance to her and my younger self!
My quest of self-discovery in tracing my AfRAKAn familial roots has been of such importance to me especially in the last couple of years…my journey Home to AfRAKA starts in less than 3 weeks as I travel to Gambia the first AfRAKAn country I will visit! My excitement knows no bounds!….


Wow…Never heard about this Lady…it’s just so much that we do not know of our own history. When i was in high school which was a long long time ago, we were taught nothing about culture or history except for the negative things…what a breath of fresh air!!!


my goodness, what was her birth name? all this, but what is important is her birth name. no one can take that from you. during slavery, slaves names were changed and given of their masters(I hate that saying). so in records you never knew what the birth first or last name was. that is why it is so hard to trace ancestors because of the name change. do anyone know what sara birth name was?


what was her birth name, that is important. slaves real names were taken from them, that is why it is so hard to locate them, because names were taken and given the names of their owners(like they were cattle or something-hate it!) she was so little, no one probably never asked her, sad!


I saw her birth name somewhere but have lost it now. Maybe Aiga? In any case it was known but not used in kizungu history.


This history is written about in Zadie Smith’s ‘Swing Time’. She writes that Sarah’s Yoruba name was ‘Aina’ meaning difficult birth, a name given to a child born with the umbilical cord around her neck


A slave by any other name is still a slave. Sadly they wanted her bad enough to kill her family.


Well Aina was clearly no slave even with her interaction with Victoria and the royal house of windsor.


I wish I could have known her.


We need to buy th e book of the little princess for Black history month. Please tell us where to purchase it. Thanks


The Queen of England herself has African Ancestry.
Great Grandmother Charlotte descended from Portugese-
African Ancestry.
The Queen knows her own Ancestry.


I’m just watching ‘Victoria’ on BBC1 which features Sarah’s story, and am amazed to find out it was based on the truth! What an amazing woman, a true African princess.


She wasn’t a slave as stated “born into a Royal, West African dynasty”. Her story is being depicted in the TV series “Victoria” tonight. Victoria refers to her as a Princess. So what happened – a rival royal family killed her parents, and captured her? At the beginning of the “Victoria” episode she is shown in a cage with the African King of Dahomey threatening her and Captain Forbes saving her, all be it she is uncomfortably referred to her as “a gift” for Queen Victoria. In the show Queen Victoria does not want to accept her as ” a gift”, but to offer her, a Princess in her home country, a home, somewhere to be safe and to welcome her as part of the family. Albert less keen. Sara is grateful and develops a closeness to Victoria but seems somewhat uncomfortable living in the palace, she misses Captain Forbes and his wife, and ends up going back to live with them. How much is accurately depicted in “Victoria” I don’t know.


Well done the British Empire


Her birth name was Aina, such a remarkable person, and such a shame that knowledge such as this isn’t more widely taught, maybe we would not find ourselves still so divided.


She and her family were captured for slaves by another African tribe. Her family were slaughtered by that tribe and she was kept to later be sacrificed. She was rescued from certain death by a British naval officer and ‘gifted’ to Q.V. who refused her as a gift but accepted her into her household as visiting nobility!


I never know this I only alwon learn white history in UK and found this out today it making Staffordshire think only teacher white history


Slavery was abolished and illegal in 1833 in the United Kingdom, Sarah or Aina was not ever a slave, but rescued and entrusted to Queen Victoria and the Royal Household, a rescued claimed property titled ” Gift ” for her own safety from the King of Dahomey. By the photograph, Aina or Sarah was a beautiful Lady and as for the description of her character a graceful royal, she was given the name ” Sarah ” because the name means Princess, Aina or ” Sarah ” was given high status by Queen Victoria and treated like a Princess of the Royal Household, but not a Princess Royal ( reserved only for the birth daughter of the Monarch of the United Kingdom ) but treated as a Princess under guardianship of the British Royal Monarch, this shows that approval personally from Queen Victoria of Aina or ” Sarah ” her own daughter named after the Queen herself and becoming ” Victoria’s Godmother ” and the treatment and annual income bestowed, this practice is ” Guardianship ” . Aina or Sarah, as she is also known, was treated as such, a Princess. So please could people regard her as ” Sarah the Princess Bonetta ” with this story.


The little girl is mentioned in the ITV drama Victoria


Sarah is mentioned in the ITV dram (which is worth watching) Victoria. NB: The horses should read a pair of ‘greys’.


Very interesting


The PBS series “Victoria” so far seems determined to introduce its viewership to Queen Victoria’s personal strengths of character. Thus, long before it was politically correct to commit to a Black child, Victoria would seem to have done so. Given the stuffiness with which the Victorian era is associated, one might have expected otherwise. But the young Queen showed a genuine penchant for diversity, a true touch of cosmopolitanism. Alas, all the other high-handed colonial machinations and outright appropriations she would accept as well– particularly by Rhodes in Africa– did serve to paint a somewhat different picture. The short bio above tells us that the young princess Aina initially refused the proposal of the much older Yoruban businessman Captain Davies, but she eventually relented. I wonder how that came about. What does it mean that ”in order to persuade her to accept Sarah was sent to live with two elderly ladies in Brighton whose house she described as a ‘desolate little pig sty'”? Who is it that sent Aina (a/k/a Sarah) to live there? Was it Queen Victoria? Life was always difficult for African women, not only around the whites, but among their own misogynists (consider e.g. female circumcision). Aina appears to have truly been a person that many (of all racial, ethnic, and national groups) can be very proud of, yet even great ladies have been getting treated abusively and with anonymity regardless of their personal gifts. So much so that even hers and her daughter’s proximity to the most powerful queen in the world at the time could not prevent the life twists and turns both underwent. This is most regrettable . . . for who knows what she and her equally brilliant daughter might have otherwise accomplished.


I found this information while watching Victoria on PBS here in the US. I was so mesmerized by the storyline, and now even more so by this wonderful web site. Thank you!


What rubbish..As Jan has mentioned, the word is “greys””, not “grays”.

Only a Yank could get that wrong.


She wasn’t ever a slave, she was an African Princess. Her parents killed by a rival tribe. She was rescued and “given” under the guise of “gift”, to be looked after by Queen Victoria. Not the first African in the palace. Queen Charlotte was of Royal African Portuguese decent. There were people hiding deep in my he Appalachian Mountains when the French fur traders came. The traders said they looked to be of European, African and Native American decent. They told the traders they were, “Porteghee”. I always thought they were just African and European, now this leads me to believe they were really of African Portuguese decent.


She was obviously a true Princess because she was sent to Brighton and described it as a “desolate little pig sty”.
Now I’m not fond of Brighton myself, but that’s a little harsh. She clearly thought London was where all the action was.
It could have been worse. She could have been sent to Heaven’s Waiting Room (Eastbourne).


Post a comment